Industrial Automation division

Overview

The Industrial Automation division offers customers solutions that are designed to optimize the productivity, energy efficiency and safety of their industrial processes and operations by combining the division’s integrated control products, systems and service offerings with deep domain knowledge and expertise of each end market. Solutions include turnkey engineering, control systems, Human Machine Interfaces (HMI) and integrated safety technology, measurement products, lifecycle services, outsourced maintenance and industry-specific products such as electric propulsion for ships, Azipods, mine hoists, turbochargers and pulp and paper quality control equipment. The systems can link various processes and information flows allowing customers to manage their entire manufacturing and business process based on real-time facility or plant information. Additionally, the systems allow customers to increase production efficiency, optimize their assets and reduce environmental impact.

The Industrial Automation division offerings are available as separately sold products or as part of a total automation, electrification and/or instrumentation system. In this event, products and solutions from the Robotics and Motion and Electrification Products divisions are channeled through the Industrial Automation division. The division’s technologies are sold primarily through direct sales forces as well as third-party channels.

The division had approximately 25,700 employees as of December 31, 2018, and generated revenues of $7.4 billion in 2018.

Customers

The Industrial Automation division’s end customers include companies in the oil and gas, minerals and mining, metals, pulp and paper, chemicals, plastics, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, power generation and maritime industries. These customers are looking for digitalized and automated offerings, instrumentation, and electrification solutions that deliver value mainly through lower capital costs, increased plant availability, lower life-cycle costs and reduced project costs.

Products and Services

Oil, gas and chemicals solutions cover the entire hydrocarbon value chain, from exploration and production to supply, transport and distribution, as well as refining, chemicals and petrochemicals. ABB specializes in mastering the control loop and transforming client operations through actionable insights that optimize performance in real time. From the well head to the refinery, ABB Ability™ solutions connect people with data to optimize performance, improve reliability, enhance efficiency and minimize environmental impact from project start-up throughout the entire plant life-cycle.

Other process industry markets served include mining, minerals processing, metals, pharmaceuticals and pulp and paper as well as their associated service industries. The business’ added value is deep industry expertise coupled with the ability to integrate both automation and electronics, resulting in faster start-up times, increased plant productivity and reduced overall capital and operating costs for customers. For mining, metals and cement industries, solutions include specialized products and services, as well as total production systems. The business designs, plans, engineers, supplies, erects and commissions electric equipment, drives, motors, high power rectifiers and equipment for automation and supervisory control within a variety of areas including mineral handling, mining operations, aluminum smelting, hot and cold steel applications and cement production. In the pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals areas, the business offers applications to support manufacturing, packaging, quality control and compliance with regulatory agencies. The offering for the pulp and paper industries includes quality control systems, control systems, drive systems, on-line sensors, actuators and field instruments.

ABB serves the power generation market with leading automation solutions for all types of power generation. With an offering that includes instrumentation, excitation and control systems, ABB technologies help optimize performance, improve reliability, enhance efficiency and minimize environmental impact throughout the plant life cycle. The business also serves the water industry, including applications such as pumping stations and desalination plants.

ABB serves the marine and ports business through its leading solutions for specialty vessels, container and bulk cargo handling. For the shipping industry, ABB offers an extensive portfolio of integrated marine systems and solutions that improve the flexibility, reliability and energy efficiency of vessels. By coupling power, automation and marine software, proven fuel-efficient technologies and services that ensure maximum vessel uptime, ABB is in the position to improve the profitability of a customer’s business throughout the entire life cycle of a fleet. ABB designs, engineers, builds, supplies and commissions automation and electrical systems for marine power generation, power distribution and electric propulsion, as well as turbochargers to improve efficiency. With ABB Ability™’s Collaborative Operations Centers around the world and marine software solutions, owners and operators can run their fleets at lower fuel and maintenance cost, while improving crew, passenger, and cargo safety and overall productivity of their operations. In addition, ABB delivers automation and electrical systems for container and bulk cargo handling, from ship to gate. These systems and services help terminal operators meet the challenge of larger ships, taller cranes and bigger volumes per call, and make terminal operations safer, greener and more productive.

ABB serves the hybrid and discrete market, focusing primarily on plastics, food and beverage, packaging and data centers. ABB combines state-of-the-art technology with advanced engineering to provide a wide range of customers with complete solutions for machine and factory automation, motion control, HMI and integrated safety technology. ABB is one of the largest providers focused on product- and software-based, open-architecture solutions for machine and factory automation worldwide.

ABB offers an extensive portfolio of products and software from stand-alone basic control to integrated collaborative systems for complex or critical processes. Solutions such as Distributed Control System (DCS) 800xA, provides a scalable extended automation system for process and production control, safety, and production monitoring. Freelance, another solution, is a full-fledged, easy-to-use DCS for small to medium size applications. The Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) automation portfolio offers a scalable range for small, middle and high-end applications. Components for basic automation solutions, process and safety controllers, field interfaces, panels, process recorders and HMI are available through our Compact Product Suite offering. The product portfolio is complemented by services such as Automation Sentinel, a subscription-based life-cycle management program that provides services to maintain and continually advance and enhance ABB Ability™ control systems (e.g. cyber security patches) and thus allows it to manage a customer’s life-cycle costs. The ABB Ability™ Advanced Services offering portfolio provides individual software-based services to continuously improve automation and processes. ABB also offers Manufacturing Execution Systems that enable agility and transparency for production processes by synchronizing and orchestrating a flow across individual automation islands.

The measurement and analytics business portfolio is designed to measure product properties, such as weight, thickness, color, brightness, moisture content and additive content and includes a full line of instrumentation and analytical products to analyze, measure and record industrial and power processes. Actuators allow the customer to make automatic adjustments during the production process to improve the quality and consistency of the product. Field instruments measure properties of the process, such as flow rate, chemical content and temperature.

ABB manufactures and maintains turbochargers for diesel and gas engines having power levels ranging from 500 kilowatts to over 80 megawatts. The business provides engine builders and application operators with advanced turbocharging solutions for efficient and flexible application operations and in compliance with the most stringent environmental requirements.

Sales and Marketing

The Industrial Automation division primarily uses its direct sales force as well as third-party channel partners, such as distributors, system integrators and OEMs. The majority of revenues are derived through the division’s own direct sales channels.

Competition

The Industrial Automation division’s principal competitors vary by industry or product line. Competitors include Emerson, Honeywell, Valmet, Rockwell Automation, Beckhoff Automation, Schneider Electric, Siemens, Voith, and Yokogawa Electric Corporation.

Capital Expenditures

The Industrial Automation division’s capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment totaled $104 million in 2018, compared to $71 million and $53 million in 2017 and 2016, respectively. Principal investments in 2018 were in the Machine and Factory Automation, Turbocharging and the Measurement and Analytics businesses. Geographically, in 2018, Europe represented 82 percent of the capital expenditures, followed by the Americas (10 percent) and AMEA (8 percent).