Corporate and Other
Corporate and Other includes headquarters, central research and development, real estate activities, Group Treasury Operations, Global Business Services (GBS) and other minor business activities. The remaining activities of certain EPC projects which we are completing and are in a wind down phase are also reported in Corporate and Other. In addition, we have classified the historical business activities of significant divested businesses in Corporate and Other. These include the high-voltage cables business, the EPC business for turnkey electrical AC substations and certain EPC contracts relating to the oil & gas industry.
Corporate headquarters and stewardship activities include the operations of our corporate headquarters in Zurich, Switzerland, as well as corporate-related activities in various countries. These activities cover staff functions with group-wide responsibilities, such as accounting and financial reporting, corporate finance and taxes, planning and controlling, internal audit, legal and integrity, compliance, risk management and insurance, corporate communications, information systems, investor relations and human resources.
Corporate research and development primarily covers our research activities, as our development activities are organized under our divisions. We have two global research laboratories, one focused on power technologies and the other focused on automation technologies, which both work on technologies relevant to the future of our business. Each laboratory works on new and emerging technologies and collaborates with universities and other external partners to support our divisions in advancing relevant technologies and in developing cross-divisional technology platforms. We have corporate research centers in seven countries (China, India, Germany, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States).
GBS operates in several hub locations and consists of shared services in the area of accounting, human resources, information systems and supply chain management.
A significant portion of the costs for GBS and other shared corporate overhead costs are allocated to the operating divisions. Overhead and other management costs, including GBS costs, which would have been allocated to our Power Grids business, and which are not directly attributable to this business, are not allocated to the discontinued operation and are included in Corporate and Other.
Corporate and Other had approximately 5,500 employees at December 31, 2018.